Art + Culture

ウィレム・デ・クーニング de Kooning, Willem

ウィレム・デ・クーニング(Willem de Kooning, 1904年4月24日 – 1997年3月19日)は、20世紀のオランダ出身の画家。主にアメリカで活動した。抽象表現主義の画家で、激しい筆触が特色である。ジャクソン・ポロックやマーク・ロスコと並ぶ、抽象表現主義の代表画家である。 Willem de Kooning (April 24, 1904 – March 19, 1997) was a Dutch-American abstract expressionist artist. He was born in Rotterdam and moved to the United States in 1926, becoming an American citizen in 1962. In 1943, he married painter Elaine Fried. In the years after World War II, de Kooning painted in a style that came to be referred to as abstract expressionism or “action painting”, and was part of a group of artists that came to be known as the New York School. Other painters in this group included Jackson Pollock, Elaine de Kooning, Lee Krasner, Franz Kline, Arshile Gorky, Mark Rothko, Hans Hofmann, John Ferren, Nell Blaine, Adolph Gottlieb, Anne Ryan, Robert Motherwell, Philip Guston, Clyfford Still, and Richard Pousette-Dart. De Kooning’s retrospective held at MoMA in 2011–2012 made him one of the best-known artists of the 20th century.